Biscayne Bay Miami

 

Biscayne Bay is a gorgeous 35 mile lagoon running along the

Atlantic Coast of southern Florida. This beautiful bay is a flowing

estuary, fed by many different rivers, tidal creeks, and submarine springs. The waters flooding in everyday are part of the fragile ecosystem containing plants, fish, birds, and a wide array of other wildlife.

In the past fifty years, dozens of protection groups have stepped forward to protest the on going destruction of this wonderfully diversified area. Most of these groups feel that all of the up and coming man made

features created around Biscayne Bay is slowly allowing different pollutants into the area upsetting the fragile balance of these coastal waters.

 

South Florida has been documented on many occasions blatantly misusing the water supplies that this area of the coast is in dire need of.

All of South Florida’s water management plans and uses of incoming

water supplies directly affects the freshwater flow to Biscayne Bay.

miami biscayne bay

 

Land use planning and water management programs must be more closely monitored then they are being right now. The freshwater needs of the bay are barely being met on a yearly basis and lack of research makes it difficult for us to project what kind of long term effects this will have on the local ecosystem.

 

One of the more pressing problems on hand is the preservation of habitats slowly becoming damaged or disappearing completely from the area.

More than 40% of the bottom of Northern Biscayne Bay has been damaged due to dredging. The benthic section (habitat at the bottom of a bay or sea)

of the bay is the area that suffers the most from this form of destruction.

 

Sea grasses, though viewed as unimportant to most, provide the backbone for all water life on the bay floor. Without these natural caregivers the water clarity level will drop, sediments will become unstable, and the food and shelter that these plants provide for fish, shrimp, lobster, crab, and other species will become nonexistent.

 

Over the last century the western area of Biscayne Bay has been affected as well. The construction of 19 water management canals built to facilitate agriculture has left the estuarine habitat almost nonexistent. The diversion of freshwater away from the wetlands for other uses has left the sensitive

area unable to support its wildlife and fish communities. Unless actions are taken soon to help with the rebirth of Biscayne Bay; we may lose a part

of our coastal waters that we are unable to get back.